Eco Culture Tours
Sri Lanka Map

Nature & Wildlife

Nature & Wildlife in Sri Lanka

Although a relatively small island, Sri Lanka is one of the leading biodiversity hotspots in the world. Its rich natural environment is home to hundreds of animals and plants which make this island a true tropical paradise.

During your Eco Culture tour, you will be able to enjoy the beauty of the natural environment and the abundant wildlife, spread across the country.

Located on the south east corner of the island, it has the highest variety of wildlife recorded in any National park in the country and is home to many species of animals including sloth bear, herds of elephants, sambar, deer, crocodiles and the endangered leopard subspecies - Panthera Pardus Kotiya, which is only found in Sri Lanka. (Read more...)

An ideal place to see some of Sri Lanka’s famous wild elephants, birds and many other wildlife. During the dry season (June-Sept) visitors can see herds of up to 150 elephants feeding and washing, as well as toque macaques, sambar deer and leopards. The birds include cormorants and painted storks. (Read more...)

A sanctuary for the island’s abandoned or orphaned wild elephants. Here, the elephants roam free and you can enjoy the sight of smaller elephants being hand-fed with giant milk bottles or watch them at play in the water of a nearby river as they take their twice-daily bath. (Read more...)

Filled with high mountains, rocky cliffs, gushing waterfalls, thick tropical foliage and abundance of birds and wildlife. Enjoy the scenic beauty of the Ella Gap, which is a scenic view amongst mountains, stretching as far as the Indian ocean on the southern coast on a clear day. Some of the places you could see in Ella are the Ravana Falls and Little Adam's Peak, offering varied pleasant walks with stunning scenery. (Read more...)

The Horton Plains National Park is considered one of the richest biodiversity hotspots in Sri Lanka and is located at the foot of two of Sri Lanka’s tallest mountains, the Kirigalpotta (2395m) and Totapola (2359m). Horton Plains and the adjoining Peak Wilderness Sanctuary are home to some of Sri Lanka’s most endangered plants and animals. Nearly 750 species of plants have been so far identified here, and when walking through its rich forest areas you will find that the forest canopy reaches nearly 20 metres in some places. There are dozens of wild orchids here, and 16 of them are endemic to Sri Lanka. (Read more...)